Florence Henri

1893 · United States

Artist biography

Florence Henri is seen as an established artist, who was born in the United States. Florence Henri was born in 1893. Born in the same country and of the same generation are Anni Albers, Paul Strand, Robert Brackman, Dorothea Lange and Alexander Calder.

Florence Henri's exhibition

Historical Context of United States

The US, especially New York city, remains as a central point that has played a substantial role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The concept of New York as a new cosmopolitan and highly powerful art hub emerged in the post war era, and the city succeeded in asserting its supremacy over Paris, which used to be considered as the most powerful international art capital. The authority of the political and economic structures of the United States in the modern era has provided the country with a powerful influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are significant art movements that emerged in the US. These very movements also reverberated into a myriad of variations, such as alternative forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast variants of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally acclaimed U.S artists of the contemporary period age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.

Further Biographical Context for Florence Henri

Florence Henri was born in 1893 and was primarily inspired creatively by the 1900s and 1910s growing up. The vigorous development of pictorial art defined the first decades of the twentieth century. It was an era of experimentation and post-Impressionism, with artists first delving into Expressionism and Abstraction. Many different collectives and communities of artists across the world developed many ways of expressing these crucial innovations. The psychological uses of art began to be further explored and developed following the horrors of the WWI. Dadaism, a nonsensical and absurdist movement inspired directly by the war, sprung up in Paris, Berlin, Zurich and Hannover, and launched the careers of artists such as Marcel Duchamp, Francis Picabia, Hannah Höch and Kurt Schwitters. The essential philosophies behind Dadaism would go on to find ground in Surrealism, which was the first art movement to fully integrate psychology and ideas about the subconscious, and took great inspiration from the work of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung.

Florence Henri