1972 · Netherlands
Femke Schaap is a mid-career established artist, who originates from the Netherlands, like other well-known artists such as Annemieke Alberts, Carl Johan Högberg, Paul Cupido, Pieter W Postma, and Eddo Hartmann. Femke Schaap was born in 1972.
Femke Schaap's work has most recently been displayed during the exhibition Candy Coins at Kersgallery in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. The exhibition was open from 05 September 2019 until 04 October 2019. Femke Schaap's only other exhibition is Group show, which took place at Kersgallery in Amsterdam, the Netherlands (16 May 2019 - 30 July 2019).
Historical Context of Netherlands
The Netherlands has been recognised as an artistic and cultural capital for centuries, for instance through the international influence of renowned artists such as Jan van Eyck in the fifteenth century. In the 1600s, the Dutch Golden Age saw the rise of such distinguished artists as Rembrandt, Rubens, Vermeer, Van Dyck and Van Ruisdael. Dutch artist Vincent Van Gogh is considered as one of the most significant forerunners of the post-Impressionist era and is still regarded as an extraordinary, outstanding painter that has influenced the art sphere regardless of any era or movement. Originally established as a magazine, De Stijl was a movement that pioneered abstract art in the Netherlands, led by Piet Mondrian and Theo van Doesberg. De Stijl artists would espouse a visual language solely composed of geometrical shapes, and the movement also had a significant influence on modern architecture as well as design. Gerrit Rietveld was a prominent architect and designer who embraced the ideals and the essence of De Stijl in his work. Willem de Kooning was also a Dutch national, though he relocated to the United States in the earlier years of his life, and his work was largely influenced by the Abstract Expressionism movement thriving in New York City in the late 1940s and 1950s.
Further Biographical Context for Femke Schaap
Femke Schaap was born in 1972 and was predominantly influenced by the 1980s growing up. The 1980s were a turbulent time culturally, and were marked by growing global capitalism, global mass media, significant discrepancies in wealth, alongside a distinctive sense of music and fashion, epitomised by electronic pop music and hip hop. Artists growing up during this time were heavily influenced by this cultural culture. The 1980s were a significant decade politically, marked by the African Famine and the end of the Cold War, which was signified by the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. Neo Geo and The Pictures Generation became leading art movements during the decade, alongside Neo-Expressionism which became well-known in Germany, France and Italy (where it was known as Transavanguardia). Artists such as Anselm Kiefer, Jörg Immendorf, Enzo Cucchi, Francesco Clemente and Julian Schnabel were primary artists of the era, alongside Jean-Michel Basquiat, Keith Haring and Kenny Scharf, who established the street art and graffiti movements.