1898 - 1976
Further Biographical Context for Eugen Croissant
Born in 1898, Eugen Croissant's creative work was predominantly inspired by the 1900s and 1910s. The first decades of the 20th century were defined by the dynamic development of visual and pictorial art. These decades were an era of experimentation, with artists delving into ideas surrounding Post-Impressionism, Expressionism and Abstraction. These developments inspired artist communities and collectives on an international scale, with many groups exploring different ways of expressing their ideas. After the First World War, artists started to explore psychological uses of art in response to the terrors they had experienced. Dadaism, an absurdist movement inspired directly by the events of the war, spread to a number of countries across Europe and began the careers of well known artists such as Marcel Duchamp, Francis Picabia, Hannah Höch and Kurt Schwitters. The movement of Surrealism, inspired by ideas concerning psychology and the subconscious which were initially established by Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung, was developed from the ideas posed by Dada.