Further Biographical Context for Enid Bell
Born in 1904, Enid Bell was predominantly inspired by the 1920s. The 1920s and 1930s saw continued development and evolution of the key innovations of the early years of the twentieth century. To have these years as the formative period for an artist was to be surrounded by inspiring practitioners of the pictorial arts. It was also a time of recovery and introspection after the horrors of the First World War, which saw important shifts in the political world. Marxism was a prevalent political ideology which was also tremendously influential amongst artists and their communities. The Bauhaus was founded in 1919, and became an essential place surrounding notions in favour of the unification of art, craft and design disciplines – an idea that became known as the Gesamtkunstwerk. Surrealism came to be the central expressive mode of the 1920s, and was aided by the liberalism of Germany’s Weimar Republic, which was an environment that allowed for remarkable creative flowering.