1946 · United States
Dara Birnbaum is an established artist, who originates from the United States. Dara Birnbaum was born in 1946. Some of the artist's contemporaries that are born around the same year and in the same country include Chuck Close, Robert Mappelthorpe, Bruce Nauman, Laurie Andersen and Barbara Kruger.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Two galleries around the world represent and exhibit Dara Birnbaum's work, which are Marian Goodman Gallery | London in the United Kingdom and Marian Goodman Gallery | Paris in France. Dara Birnbaum most recent exhibition recorded on Artland was at Marian Goodman Gallery | London in the United Kingdom (08 November 2018 until 12 January 2019) with the exhibition Solo Exhibition . Dara Birnbaum's other most recent exhibitions recorded on Artland include the exhibitions; Psalm 29(30) (04 May 2017 - 10 June 2017) at Marian Goodman Gallery | London in the United Kingdom and CLIPPING THE DIN (12 September 2019 - 11 October 2019) at Krinzinger Projekte in Austria. Dara Birnbaum's first recorded exhibition in Artland's database was called Psalm 29(30) and took place at Marian Goodman Gallery | London in the United Kingdom from the 04 May 2017 to 10 June 2017.
Historical Context of United States
The United States has been a prominent country in the evolution of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, particularly in the post war era, when the cultural importance of New York assumed primacy over Paris, previously thought of as the most significant art hub worldwide. Leading art movements developed and cultivated in extensive ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in diverse forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast variants, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus a multitude of post-modern echoes of these many movements. In the modern and contemporary sphere, the United States has exercised a powerful influence over the global visual culture, due to the hegemony of its economic and political structures. Key examples of important U.S artists of the modern and contemporary era include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Dara Birnbaum
Dara Birnbaum was born in 1946 and was primarily influenced creatively by the 1960s. In the art world, a multitude of powerful changes were also taking place. Pop Art, adopting the culture of mass media through the works of Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein and Tom Wesselmann, was slowly breaking down the bases on which the creation and reception of art were built. Drawing from the imagery of popular culture and mass consumerism, the Pop Artists rejected the authority of highbrow art and created a cutting-edge movement, while Minimalism, simultaneously appearing, was rejecting any form of emotional expression and focused on art’s theoretical features – aspiring to pure visual responses. Simplicity and an void of emotions were key concepts in the highly influential movement of Minimalism, embodied by artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Bored of the gestural elements of Abstract Expressionism, Minimalist artists focused on producing artworks mainly composed of polished, clean lines and geometrical elements. Exploring further into some of the concepts inherent to Abstract Expressionism, artists such as Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler practiced Colour Field Painting – strongly relating to Minimalism, with an essentially ruled-based approach, devoid of any expressive aspect. Several schools of philosophy deeply influenced creatives, Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti were artists heavily persuaded by the ideas of Existentialism, who achieved worldwide fame through their depiction of the human form and the anguish often associated with the human condition. Internationally, a significant number of art movements echoed with the radical changes of the 1960s, often prone to their own regional distinctions. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni created Spatialism, while in Germany, the Zero group embraced similar ideas under the leadership of Günther Uecker.