1951 · United States
Clayton Campbell is an established artist, who originates from the United States. Clayton Campbell was born in 1951. Born in the same country and of the same generation are Jenny Holzer, Bill Viola, Carrie Mae Weems, Cindy Sherman and Jeff Koons.
Historical Context of United States
The US, in particular New York city, endures as a focal point that has played a substantial role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The concept of New York as a new multinational and highly powerful art centre came to be in the post war era, and the city thrived in affirming its dominance over Paris, which used to be considered as the most powerful global art capital. The authority of the political and economic structures of the United States in the modern era has granted the country with a prevailing influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are influential art movements that blossomed in the US. These very movements also reverberated into a myriad of variations, such as alternative forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast adaptations of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally distinguished U.S artists of the modern age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Clayton Campbell
Clayton Campbell was born in 1951 and was predominantly influenced creatively by the 1970s. The 1970s were a period of consolidation and development in the arts, most often characterised as a response to the dominant strains of the previous decade. Conceptual art developed as a influential movement, a partial evolution of and response to minimalism. Land Art took the works of art into the sprawling outdoors, taking creative production away from commodities and engaging with the earliest ideas of environmentalism. Process art combined elements of conceptualism with other formal reflections, creating mysterious and experimental bodies of work. Expressive figurative painting began to regain prominence for the first time since the decline of Abstract Expressionism twenty years before, especially in Germany where Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer, Georg Baselitz became highly respected figures worldwide. New York maintained an important position in the international art world, ensuring that international artists continued to flock to the galleries, bars and downtown scene there. Towards the end of the 1970s, the emerging practices of graffiti and street art were beginning to gain attention in the fine art community. Artists including Keith Haring and Jean-Michel Basquiat were working in downtown Manhattan and ensuring that spray paint and tagging gained some validity as a fine art practice, a trend which would fully develop and dominate during the next decade.