1941 · France
Claude Rutault is an established contemporary visual artist, who was born and brought up in France, like other prominent artists such as Véronique Joumard, Michel Blazy, Serralongue Bruno, Hélène Valentin, and Cédric Lollia. Claude Rutault was born in 1941.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Claude Rutault is represented by two galleries, which are mfc - michèle didier in France and Perrotin | New York in the United States. Claude Rutault most recent exhibition recorded on Artland was at CAB in Brussels with the exhibition MONOCHROME 5 SUR UNE GRILLE DE MARELLE. The exhibition was open from 02 September 2019 until 13 December 2019.
Historical Context of France
France has been an important nation in the unfolding of modernism. During the nineteenth century, France established the foundations of what is currently known as the avant-garde, including movements such as Impressionism, Post-Impressionism and Art Nouveau, led by world renowned artists. In the first half of the twentieth century, Paris was a crucial intellectual and cultural centre, originating cutting-edge movements such as Cubism, Fauvism, Dadaism and Surrealism, amongst others. These movements emerged at the beginning of the century, in the period immediately preceding the Second World War. Major French creative figures from the beginning of the century include Paul Cezanne, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque (Spanish national who settled in France) Francis Picabia, Marcel Duchamp, Man Ray, and Le Corbusier amidst many of others.
Further Biographical Context for Claude Rutault
Claude Rutault was born in 1941 and was as deeply indebted to the events of the 1960s as their formative influences. The universal impact of the 1960s was truly sensational across the globe. Representative of a time stirring both hope and anger, the 1960s triggered an outburst of cutting-edge ideologies and movements, truly exciting and ground-breaking. Historically established in the context of the Cold War, which would have a highly powerful impact globally, largely defined by the Iron Curtain dividing Europe both physically and spiritually, and significantly marked by the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The 1960s re-defined all pre-existing expectations on gender, race and justice, questioned education as well as morality and selfhood – for instance through the civil rights movement and second wave of feminism, as well as student political uprisings. The incredible escalation of mass consumerism also defined the era, generating new trends in marketing and advertising. Minimalism developed the central idea that art should subsist in its own reality, and not try to represent the physical world. Born of a desire to erase all pre-established notions about art, Minimalism became a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key actors. Minimalism became significant through the works of artists such as Victor Vasarely and Bridget Riley, while Pop art was an essential by-product of the latter, simultaneously critiquing and glorifying popular culture. The iconic contemporary art movements that reverberated through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own distinctions and scopes, distinctive to different areas or countries. Spatialism, for example, was founded in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies adopted by the Zero group in Germany. Throughout Europe, the philosophy of Existentialism strongly influenced artists such as Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who strived to portray the raw human emotions often associated with reflections on death and the haunting angst of the meaninglessness of life.