1955 · United States
Christopher Wool is a major figure in the current American art scene. He is particularly known for his work of post-conceptual and abstract influence which explores the concept of painting. His best-known works are paintings that represent letters in bold stenciled. Born September 16, 1955, in Boston, Massachusetts, Christopher Wool dropped out of school and joined the New York Studio School. With his peers, including Jean-Michel Basquiat, Julian Schnabel, Cindy Sherman, Christopher Wool contributed from the 1980s to rethink the limits of Fine Art. He quickly introduced into his canvases graffiti techniques, such as stencils or spray paint, then serigraphs and paint rollers. One of the hallmarks of Christopher Wool’s work is visual impact. The figures, conceptual and abstract forms in color or in black and bold appear on a minimalist white canvas background. Since the 2000s, the evolution of the pictorial process includes repetition combined with conceptual methods and mediums such as spray, ink for screen printing, and digital reproduction. Wool’s work plays with these mixtures, between pop, underground influence, and minimalist rigor, which is also expressed by a range of colors deliberately limited to black, gray, white, also recalling the world of graffiti. His most recent paintings include a dimension of improvisation and the superimposition of techniques that together give a unique sense of freedom. The work of Christopher Wool is internationally recognized and has been the subject of numerous exhibitions including those at the Museum Boymans van Beuningen (Rotterdam) in 1991, the Museum of Contemporary Art (Los Angeles) in 1998, and the Ludwig Museum (Cologne) in 2009, among others. Wool also participated in the Venice Biennale in 2011 and the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York dedicated a retrospective to him in 2013.