1892 - 1946
Further Biographical Context for Chen Gongbo
Born in 1892, Chen Gongbo's creative work was predominantly inspired by the 1900s and 1910s. The first decades of the twentieth century were defined by the dynamic development of visual and pictorial art. These decades were an time of experimentation, with artists exploring into ideas surrounding Post-Impressionism, Expressionism and Abstraction. These developments inspired artist communities and collectives across the globe, with many groups developing a variety of methods of communicating their ideas. After the First World War, artists endeavoured to explore psychological applications of art in response to the terrors they had witnessed. Dadaism, an absurdist movement inspired directly by the events of the war, spread to many countries across Europe and began the careers of famous artists such as Marcel Duchamp, Francis Picabia, Hannah Höch and Kurt Schwitters. The movement of Surrealism, inspired by ideas concerning psychology and the subconscious which were first established by Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung, was developed from the ideas posed by Dada.