1957 · Italy
Carlo Steiner is an established artist, who originates from Italy, like other celebrated artists such as Antonio Trotta, Mauro Bonacina, Fabio Modica, Michelangelo, and Alberto Magnelli. Carlo Steiner was born in 1957.
Historical Context of Italy
The classical era of the Romans has exerted a significant influence on the cultural and intellectual evolution of Italy, contributing to the uniqueness of the country and its immense artistic heritage. Italy is also the country that epitomizes the Renaissance, “Riniscita” in its original language, which signifies “rebirth”. From the early 1400s, the Renaissance has been a fervent period of cultural and political awakenings, inducing revivals in art, architecture, music, poetry and philosophy.
Although significantly tormented by the fascism of Mussolini in the modern and contemporary era, Italy has never lost its place as one of the most essential artistic centres, home to pioneering movements such as Futurism and Arte Povera, as well as the expressive painting of the Transavanguardia and the Minimalism related to the Zero Movement. Some highly eminent Italian artists from the twentieth and twenty first centuries include Giorgio Di Chirico, Giacomo Balla, Giorgio Morandi, Alberto Giacometti, Lucio Fontana, Michelangelo Pistoletto, Francesco Clemente and Mimmo Paladino.
Further Biographical Context for Carlo Steiner
Carlo Steiner was born in 1957 and was primarily influenced by the 1970s growing up. The art sphere of the 1970s was characterized by a longing to grow and reinforce itself, as a response to the many conflicts of the previous decade. One of the most central movement of the 1970s was Conceptualism, which emerged as an offshoot of Minimalism, while the experimental, creative voyage of Process art materialized by combining essential aspects of Conceptualism with further reflections on art itself. The earliest ideas of environmentalism sprung from Land Art, which took art into earth itself, sculpting the land and bringing art to the outdoors. For the first time since the regression of Abstract Expressionism, Expressive figure painting slowly re-emerged and regained its status, especially in Germany through the works of world renowned figures Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer and Georg Baselitz.
Most of the dominant artistic figures of the 1960s remained greatly influential and popular throughout the 1970s. Andy Warhol, for instance, secured his reputation as a legendary artist, by bifurcating into film and magazine publishing, thus introducing a ground-breaking concept of cross-cultural activity for a visual artist of such popularity
The city of New York remained as the most prominent artistic hub of the decade, with global artists drifting through the downtown scene, frequenting bars and art galleries, strengthening the idea of New York City as a cosmopolitan and sophisticated cultural capital.
A few noteworthy international movements that sharpened the decade include photorealism, which was initially introduced in the 1960s and reached commercial and critical success in the 1970s, as well as feminism which deeply influenced the visual culture.
Artists such as Jannis Kounnelis, Mario Merz, and Michelangelo Pistoletto attained international success, as they were widely accepted as renowned members of the Italian movement Arte Povera, critically acclaimed in the 1970s.
Towards the end of the 1970s, street art, developing from graffiti, was starting to truly mesmerize the fine art community. Keith Haring and Jean-Michel Basquiat helped legitimize spray painting and tagging, demonstrating that their artworks could exist at the same time in art galleries and in urban settings. Following, the global extent of street art would become extremely significant, representing an astonishing form of artistic expression.
In the eastern part of the globe, Japanese and Korean artists who held a strong interest in the European ideas of phenomenology, associated with the Mono-Ha movement, exploring and shifting the boundaries between natural and industrial materials. Using stone, glass, cotton, sponge, wood, oil and water, they aimed to create life to artworks that would accentuate the ephemeral state of these various elements and their surroundings, playing with their interdependency.