1950 · United Kingdom
Broonzy is a contemporary artist considered well established, who was born in the United Kingdom. Broonzy was born in 1950. Born in the same country and around the same year are Maggi Hambling, Richard Cook and Phyllida Barlow.
Historical Context of United Kingdom
Through colonisation and the resulting ascent of its Empire, the United Kingdom reached the status of a giant, although the wealth and economic power did not shelter it from the obvious cultural supremacy of other continents and countries. With the United States on one side and its European neighbours on the other, Britain had been to a somewhat significant degree eclipsed by their respective impact on the art of the modern world. But it is towards the end of the nineteenth century that it truly became an essential and vital agent in the development of the avant-garde, through radical and progressive trends such at the Arts and Crafts Movement, which would become fundamental to the further development of bohemian artists movements or other artist-led organisation of the twentieth century. Vorticism is a noteworthy movement, essentially characteristic of British modernism, it involved artists renowned for their association to the Bloomsbury group. A few critically acclaimed British artists of the modern and contemporary era include Stanley Spencer, Francis Bacon, Lucian Freud, Leon Kossoff, Frank Auerbach, David Hockney, Bridget Riley and Paula Rego among others – as well as the YBA generation led by Damien Hirst, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn and Chris Ofili, in more recent years.
Further Biographical Context for Broonzy
Broonzy was born in 1950 and was primarily influenced creatively by the 1960s. The astronomical impact of the 1960s was truly astonishing across the globe. Representative of a time inspiring both hope and anger, the 1960s triggered an outburst of cutting-edge ideologies and movements, truly sensational and spectacular. Historically established in the context of the Cold War, which would have a highly influential impact worldwide, largely defined by the Iron Curtain dividing Europe both physically and spiritually, and significantly marked by the erection of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The 1960s re-defined all pre-existing expectations on gender, race and justice, questioned education as well as morality and selfhood – for instance through the civil rights movement and second wave of feminism, as well as student political uprisings. The incredible boom of mass consumerism also defined the era, engendering new trends in marketing and advertising. Minimalism developed the central idea that art should subsist in its own reality, and not try to represent the real world. Born of a desire to erase all pre-established conceptions about art, Minimalism turned into a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key figures. Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler were artists who sought to delve into some of the most fundamental ideologies of Abstract Expressionism, while getting rid of the expressive and highly personal aspect it would usually entail with it. This led to the creation of Colour Field painting, deeply relating to Minimalism. The iconic contemporary art movements that reverberated through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own distinctions and scopes, particular to different areas or countries. Spatialism, for instance, was founded in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies embraced by the Zero group in Germany. Across Europe, the ideologies of Existentialism strongly influenced artists such as Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who strived to depict the raw human emotions often associated with reflections on death and the lingering anxiety of the meaninglessness of life.