1943 · Italy
Bottarelli Maurizio is an established contemporary visual artist, who originates from Italy, like other prominent artists such as Iacopo Pesenti, Ernesto Treccani, Fabio Paleari, Petripaselli, and Fabian Albertini. Bottarelli Maurizio was born in 1943.
Historical Context of Italy
The classical period of the Romans has exerted a consequential influence on the cultural and intellectual development of Italy, contributing to the uniqueness of the country and its splendid artistic legacy. Italy is also the country that embodies the Renaissance, “Riniscita” in its original language, which translates to “rebirth”. From the early 1400s, the Renaissance has been a fervent era of cultural and political awakenings, inducing revivals in art, architecture, music, poetry and philosophy. Although greatly affected by the fascism of Mussolini in the modern and contemporary era, Italy has never lost its place as one of the most powerful artistic centres, home to cutting-edge movements such as Futurism and Arte Povera, as well as the expressive painting of the Transavanguardia and the Minimalism related to the Zero Movement. Some highly influential Italian artists from the twentieth and twenty first centuries include Giorgio Di Chirico, Giacomo Balla, Giorgio Morandi, Alberto Giacometti, Lucio Fontana, Michelangelo Pistoletto, Francesco Clemente and Mimmo Paladino.
Further Biographical Context for Bottarelli Maurizio
Born in 1943, Bottarelli Maurizio was largely influenced by the 1960s. Artistically, the decade began with the twin movements of Pop and Minimalism emerging alongside each other. On one hand, Pop advocated the visual culture of the mainstream and mass media, and of products and consumerism. The work of art by artists such as Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Tom Wesselmann and Claes Oldenberg was inspired by the popular culture of the rapidly developing Capitalism of the United States, taking things like advertising, comic books and ideas surrounding celebrity culture as their primary visual inspiration. A parallel movement developed on the West Coast in California - a strain that also related to language in art, and is viewed as the very first blossoming of conceptual art. Minimalism developed a formal language with no external references, based solely on line, colour and geometric form as key components of both painting and sculpture. The key figures of Minimalism included Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Colour Field painting, as practiced by Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler, further explored some of the expressive philosophies of Abstract Expressionism, but removed much of the rhetoric, instead approaching a more rule-based approach to surface and colour that related this practice to Minimalism. Globally, a number of artistic movements echoed the artistic concerns of the above mentioned movements, often with regional fortes and nuance. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni developed Spatialism, and in Germany the Zero group under the leadership of Gunter Uecker espoused similar ideas. The influential school of Existentialist Philosophy was an important source of creativity for artists, with artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti achieving international prominence for their distinguishing approaches to the human form and the anguish related to the human condition.