1946 · United States
Bonnie Baxter is regarded as a well established artist, who originates from the United States. Bonnie Baxter was born in 1946. Some of the artist's contemporarie that are from the same generation and country include Chuck Close, Robert Mappelthorpe, Bruce Nauman, Laurie Andersen and Barbara Kruger.
Bonnie Baxter's Gallery representation
Bonnie Baxter is represented and exhibited by Arsenal Contemporary | New York in the United States.
Historical Context of United States
The United States has been key in the evolution of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, especially in the post war period, when the cultural importance of New York assumed primacy over Paris, previously thought of as the most powerful art hub worldwide. Major art movements established and fostered in important ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in varied forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast variants, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus a multitude of post-modern echoes of these many movements. In the modern and contemporary period, the United States has exercised a powerful influence upon the visual culture of the World, due to the authority of its economic and political structures. Key examples of world renowned U.S artists of the modern and contemporary period include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Bonnie Baxter
Bonnie Baxter was born in 1946 and was largely inspired by the 1960s growing up. Art turned into a vehicle for dogmas and other agendas, with Pop and Minimalism appearing concurrently as the most defining art movements of the decade. Pop Art in New York city embraced the culture of mass media and mass consumerism, with Artists such as Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein and Tom Wesselmann getting stimulated by television, comic strips, billboards and other products of the rise of Capitalism for their artworks. On the other side of the country, the West Coast in California, the first features of what would be known as Conceptual art were blossoming. Minimalism developed the central idea that art should exist in its own reality, and not try to represent the real world. Born of a desire to erase all pre-established conceptions about art, Minimalism became a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key figures. Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler were artists who sought to delve into some of the most fundamental ideologies of Abstract Expressionism, while eliminating the emotional and highly personal aspect it would usually entail with it. This led to the creation of Colour Field painting, deeply relating to Minimalism. The iconic contemporary art movements that echoed through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own nuances and scopes, distinctive to different regions or countries. Spatialism, for instance, was founded in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies adopted by the Zero group in Germany. Across Europe, the ideologies of Existentialism strongly influenced artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who strived to depict the raw human emotions often associated with reflections on death and the haunting angst of the meaninglessness of life.