1946 · Belgium
Bijl's Gallery representation
Bijl is represented and exhibited by Galerie Hubert Winter located in Vienna, Austria.
Historical Context of Belgium
Bordered by France and the Netherlands, the small country of Belgium has been considerably influenced by its neighbours throughout time and asserted itself as a vibrant and innovative artistic centre in the second half of the nineteenth century. Belgian art productions were crucial in the unfolding of Surrealism in the 1930s, primarily through the works of Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux. Among others, Marcel Broodthaers, Wim Delvoye, Francis Alys and Luc Tuymans are key figures of the Belgian art scene of the twentieth century. Greatly influenced by Belgian artists, the Symbolist movement was a prominent artistic trend, early predecessor to Surrealism, and including artists such as Léon Spilliaert, Jean Delville, Fernand Khnopff and James Ensor. As the age of the avant-garde began to take place in Europe towards the late nineteenth century, Brussels turned into a hub for the Art Nouveau movement, which included the architect Victor Horta amongst its founders.
Further Biographical Context for Bijl
Born in 1946, Bijl grew up during the 1960s and was influenced by the artistic culture of the time. The universal impact of the 1960s was truly sensational across the globe. Illustrative of a time stirring both hope and anger, the 1960s prompted an outburst of cutting-edge ideologies and movements, truly sensational and spectacular. Historically set in the context of the Cold War, which would have a highly influential impact globally, largely defined by the Iron Curtain dividing Europe both physically and spiritually, and significantly marked by the erection of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The 1960s re-defined all pre-existing assumptions on gender, race and justice, questioned education as well as morality and selfhood – for instance through the civil rights movement and second wave of feminism, as well as student political uprisings. The significant boom of mass consumerism also defined the era, engendering new trends in marketing and advertising. Minimalism established the central idea that art should exist in its own reality, and not try to represent the physical world. Born of a desire to obliterate all pre-established notions about art, Minimalism turned into a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key actors. Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler were artists who sought to delve into some of the most fundamental philosophies of Abstract Expressionism, while eliminating the emotional and highly personal aspect it would usually entail with it. This led to the creation of Colour Field painting, deeply relating to Minimalism. The iconic contemporary art movements that reverberated through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own distinctions and scopes, distinctive to different regions or countries. Spatialism, for example, was founded in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies adopted by the Zero group in Germany. Across Europe, the ideologies of Existentialism deeply influenced artists such as Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who strived to portray the raw human emotions often associated with reflections on death and the haunting anxiety of the meaninglessness of life.
- Galleries Representing this Artist