Further Biographical Context for August Müller
Born in 1898, August Müller's creative work was predominantly influenced by the 1900s and 1910s. The Fauves are widely considered to be the first foremost Post-Impressionist group, working in the at the start of the 20th century. Including artists such as Henry Matisse within their ranks, the Fauves believed that intense, other worldly colours and energetic brushstrokes were an integral component of painting. At the same time, a young Pablo Picasso, still in his youth, created his famous Blue and Rose periods in Paris, and by the end of the 1920s he had developed the initial ideas of portraying fractured views of reality alongside his contemporary Georges Braque. This movement became known as Analytical Cubism. The psychological applications of art began to be further explored and developed following the horrors of the First World War. Dadaism, a nonsensical and absurdist movement inspired directly by the war, appeared in Paris, Berlin, Zurich and Hannover, and launched the careers of artists such as Marcel Duchamp, Francis Picabia, Hannah Höch and Kurt Schwitters. The vital philosophies behind Dadaism would go on to find ground in Surrealism, which was the first art movement to fully integrate psychology and ideas about the subconscious, and took great inspiration from the work of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung.