1929 · Austria
Arnulf Rainer is an established contemporary visual artist, who was born in Austria. Arnulf Rainer was born in 1929. Born in the same country and of the same generation are Hans Schwarz, Inge Morath and Kiki Kogelnik.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Arnulf Rainer is represented by several galleries around the world, including countries such as the United Kingdom, Austria, and Poland. Some of those galleries are Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac | London in the United Kingdom, as well as Galerie Ruberl and Galerie Elisabeth & Klaus Thoman | Vienna in Austria. Arnulf Rainer's work has most recently been exhibited at Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac | Salzburg Villa Kast in Austria (25 November 2019 until 20 December 2019) with the exhibition Charity. Arnulf Rainer's other most recent exhibitions recorded on Artland include the exhibitions at; Galerie Elisabeth & Klaus Thoman | Vienna in Austria (16 January 2020 - 19 February 2020) with the name Kitchen and Galerie Ruberl in Austria (05 June 2018 - 27 July 2018) with the name Körperzeichen II. Arnulf Rainer's first recorded exhibition in Artland's database was called Körperzeichen II and took place at Galerie Ruberl in Vienna, Austria from the 05 June 2018 to 27 July 2018.
Historical Context of Austria
At the start of the twentieth century, Austria was among the most innovative and culturally progressive countries. It fostered key developments in the Arts and Crafts Movement and Art Nouveau, called Jugendstil in German, from around 1895 to 1910, forming a key bridge between the 19th century and the commencement of modernism. This kind of progressive, avant-garde thinking led directly into the Viennese Secession movement, one of the key art and design movements of the early twentieth century. It was founded in 1897 by a group of Austrian painters, graphic artists, sculptors and architects, including Josef Hoffman Koloman Moser, Otto Wagner, and Gustave Klimt, when artists resigned, en masse, from the Association of Austrian Artists in protest against its support for more traditional artistic styles. and an exchange of ideas with artists outside Austria, disputing artistic nationalism, renewing the decorative arts and, most crucially, creating a "total art (Gesamtkunstwerk)" that unified painting, architecture, and the decorative arts. The group was strongly opposed to the dominance of the official Vienna Academy of the Arts (the Vienna Künstlerhaus), and official art salons, with their traditional orientation toward Historicism. Ultimately the group broke apart, the decorative artists choosing instead to focus on a new guild called the Wiener Werkstatte. In the late 1930s, Austria was annexed by the rising force of Hitler's Nazi Germany, an act known as the Anschluss, and which organised Austria into a province of a greater German Reich. During this period, like in Germany, the Avant-garde was labelled 'Entartete Kunst', translating to 'degenerate art', and was oppressed with only 'official' social realist art being approved, or even allowed by the state. Consequently, there was a noticeable exodus of creative talent who determined that their interests would be best served by moving to London or New York. In the twentieth century, important Austrian artists included Josef Hoffman, Gustav Klimt, Egon Schiele, Herbert Bayer (the typography and graphic design pioneer of the Bauhaus), architect and designer Josef Frank, Oskar Kokoschka, Alfred Kubin, Friedensreich Hundertwasser, Maria Lassnig, Hermann Nitsch, Arnulf Rainer, Franz West and Erwin Wurm.
Further Biographical Context for Arnulf Rainer
Arnulf Rainer was born in 1929 and was primarily influenced creatively by the 1950s. In the Post-War period the lens of modernism was focused, in terms of internationally, on developments in New York City. The Second World War had brought many prominent artists to the city in exile from Europe, leading to a significant pooling of talent and ideas. Influential Europeans that came to New York and provided inspiration for American artists included Piet Mondrian, Josef Albers and Hans Hoffmann, who between them set the foundations for much of the United States’ significant cultural growth in the decades thereafter. Key artists of the Abstract Expressionist Generation included Jackson Pollock (who innovated his famed drip, splatter and pour painting techniques), Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Frank Kline, Barnett Newman, Clyfford Still and Adolph Gottlieb. It was a male dominated environment, though necessary revisionism of this period has emphasised the contributions of female artists such as Lee Krasner, Joan Mitchell, and Louise Bourgeois, amongst others.