1954 · India
Anish Kapoor is an Indian-British artist widely known for his organic-shaped sculptures and installations realised in a variety of scales and materials, natural ones (especially stone, metal, and wax) but also mirrors and plastic. His artistic research expresses through the creation of geometric or biomorphic volumes, with polished surfaces and saturated colours, a heritage of his origins. Interested in the idea of perception of negative space, Kapoor plays with holes, reflection, perspective and gravity-challenging structures. Besides the exploration of the void, in the last decades, he also focused on large scale site-specific projects through which he reflected on the concept of public space as a shared space, taking advantage of reflective surfaces to create inclusiveness. Anish Kapoor was born in Mumbai, India, in 1954 and is currently based in London where he also pursued his education at Hornsey College of Art (1973–77) and postgraduate studies at Chelsea School of Art, London, UK (1977–78). Since the early eighties, his works have been exhibited worldwide and are held in institutions such as the Tate Gallery in London, the Museum of Modern Art in New York, and the National Gallery of Art in Washington. He was also the first living artist to be given a solo exhibition at the Royal Academy of Arts in London (2009). In 1991 he won the Turner Prize and later was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (2003), as well as a Kight Bachelor in 2013 for services to visual arts.