Historical Context of United States
The United States has been a prominent country in the evolution of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, especially in the post war era, when the cultural importance of New York assumed primacy over Paris, formerly thought of as the most important art hub worldwide. Major art movements developed and cultivated in extensive ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in varied forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast variations, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus various post-modern repetitions of these many movements. In the modern and contemporary era, the United States has cultivated a powerful influence upon the worldwide visual culture, due to the dominion of its economic and political systems. Key examples of critically acclaimed U.S artists of the modern and contemporary period include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.