Alma Held

1898 - 1989

Artist biography

Alma Held was an artist. Alma Held was born in 1898 and died in 1989. Also born in 1898 and of this same generation are Jane Clara Berlandina, Nora Frances Elizabeth Collyer, René Chomette, Gustavo Bardi, and Elena Danko.

Further Biographical Context for Alma Held

Born in 1898, Alma Held was primarily influenced by the 1900s and 1910s. The Fauves are generally considered to be the first foremost Post-Impressionist group, working in the at the start of the twentieth century. With artists such as Henry Matisse within their ranks, the Fauves believed that intense, other worldly colours and energetic brushstrokes were an integral component of their work. During this same time period a young Pablo Picasso, still in his youth, created his famed Blue and Rose periods in Paris, and by the end of the 1920s he had developed the first ideas of portraying fractured views of reality alongside his contemporary Georges Braque. This movement became known as Analytical Cubism. The psychological applications of art began to be further explored and developed following the terrors of the First World War. Dadaism, a nonsensical and absurdist movement inspired directly by the war, developed in Paris, Berlin, Zurich and Hannover, and launched the careers of creatives such as Marcel Duchamp, Francis Picabia, Hannah Höch and Kurt Schwitters. The essential philosophies behind Dadaism would go on to find ground in Surrealism, which was the first art movement to fully incorporate psychology and ideas about the subconscious, and took great inspiration from the work of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung.