1939 · France
Alfred Sisley is a contemporary artist considered well established, who originates from France, like other well-known artists such as Éric Manigaud, Pascale Serre, Nathalie Borst, Règis Rizzo, and Jean-Xavier Renaud. Alfred Sisley was born in 1939.
Historical Context of France
France has been an influential nation in the unfolding of modernism. During the 19th century, France established the foundations of what is today known as the avant-garde, with movements such as Impressionism, Post-Impressionism and Art Nouveau, led by internationally famed artists. In the first half of the twentieth century, Paris was an essential intellectual and cultural hub, establishing cutting-edge movements such as Cubism, Fauvism, Dadaism and Surrealism, amongst others. These movements flourished at the beginning of the century, in the period immediately preceding the Second World War. Dominant French creative figures from the beginning of the century include Paul Cezanne, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque (Spanish national who settled in France) Francis Picabia, Marcel Duchamp, Man Ray, and Le Corbusier amidst a multitude of others.
Further Biographical Context for Alfred Sisley
Born in 1939, Alfred Sisley's creative work was predominantly influenced by the 1950s. Abstract Expressionism dominated in the 1950s as a primary method of painting, and explored ideas about the sublime and spirituality. Artists endeavoured to focus on painting’s formal properties, and Action Painting took inspiration from the political freedoms of the United States, in opposition to the strictures of the Soviet bloc. Important artists of this period included Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Frank Kline, Barnett Newman, Clyfford Still and Adolph Gottlieb. In subsequent revisions, the contributions and efforts of female artists such as Lee Krasner, Joan Mitchell, and Louise Bourgeois have been celebrated, amongst many other female creatives.