Alessandro Cravera is an established contemporary artist, Alessandro Cravera was born in 1949. Artists Marcel Boos, Georg Appeltshauser, Albert Avetissian, Dominique Bailly, and Annette Hoff-Jessen are of the same generation.
Further Biographical Context for Alessandro Cravera
Born in 1949, Alessandro Cravera was predominantly inspired by the 1960s. The universal impact of the 1960s was truly sensational across the globe. Illustrative of a time stirring both faith and anger, the 1960s prompted an explosion of new ideologies and movements, truly sensational and spectacular. Historically established in the context of the Cold War, which would have a highly powerful impact internationally, largely defined by the Iron Curtain separating Europe both physically and spiritually, and drastically marked by the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The 1960s re-defined all pre-existing assumptions on gender, race and justice, questioned education as well as morality and selfhood – for instance through the civil rights movement and second wave of feminism, as well as student political uprisings. The significant escalation of mass consumerism also defined the era, engendering new trends in marketing and advertising. Minimalism developed the central idea that art should subsist in its own reality, and not try to represent the physical world. Born of a desire to obliterate all pre-established notions about art, Minimalism turned into a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key actors. Minimalism became influential through the works of artists such as Victor Vasarely and Bridget Riley, while Pop art was an essential by-product of the latter, simultaneously critiquing and glorifying popular culture. The iconic contemporary art movements that reverberated through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own nuances and scopes, distinctive to different regions or countries. Spatialism, for instance, was established in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies embraced by the Zero group in Germany. Throughout Europe, the ideologies of Existentialism deeply influenced artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who sought to depict the raw human emotions often connected to reflections on death and the lingering angst of the meaninglessness of life.