1954 · Belgium
Werner Mannaers is an established contemporary artist, who originates from Belgium. Werner Mannaers was born in 1954. Also born in Belgium around 1954 and of the same generation are Luc Tuymans and Francis Alÿs.
Werner Mannaers' exhibition
Historical Context of Belgium
During the 1930s, Belgian art was to play a key role in Surrealism, especially through the work of Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux. Other important Belgian artists of the 20th century include Marcel Broodthaers, Wim Delvoye, Francis Alys and Luc Tuymans. In the late 19th century, as the era of the avant-garde in Europe began, the Belgian capital of Brussels was an important centre for the Art Nouveau movement, which included the architect Victor Horta amongst its founders. The Symbolist movement was also an important artistic trend that was greatly influenced by Belgian artists. Key practitioners of this important early precursor to Surrealism include Léon Spilliaert, Jean Delville, Fernand Khnopff and James Ensor.
Further Biographical Context for Werner Mannaers
Born in 1954, Werner Mannaers grew up during the 1970s and was influenced by the artistic atmosphere of the time. The art sphere of the 1970s was characterized by a wish to evolve and reinforce itself, as a reaction to the many tensions of the previous decade. One of the most central movement of the 1970s was Conceptualism, which appeared as an offshoot of Minimalism, while the experimental, creative journey of Process art materialized by combining essential features of Conceptualism with further reflections on art itself. The initial ideas of environmentalism sprung from Land Art, which took art into earth itself, carving the land and bringing art to the outdoors. For the first time since the regression of Abstract Expressionism, Expressive figure painting slowly resurfaced and regained its prominence, especially in Germany through the works of world renowned figures Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer and Georg Baselitz. Most of the leading artistic figures of the 1960s remained highly influential and admired throughout the 1970s. Andy Warhol, for instance, secured his reputation as a legendary artist, by bifurcating into film and magazine publishing, thus instituting a ground-breaking concept of cross-cultural activity for a visual artist of such fame. A few significant global movements that defined the decade include photorealism, which was initially introduced in the 1960s and reached commercial and critical success in the 1970s, as well as feminism which had a strong impact on the visual culture.