1938 · Austria
Hermann Nitsch is an established contemporary visual artist, who was born and brought up in Austria. Hermann Nitsch was born in 1938. Also born in Austria around 1938 and of the same generation are Otto Muehl, Friedensreich Hundertwasser, Josef Mikl and Ernst Fuchs .
Galleries and Exhibitions
Hermann Nitsch is represented by 8 galleries around the world, including countries like Austria, France, and Italy. Galleries include Galerie Ruberl, Lukas Feichtner Gallery, as well as Galerie Elisabeth & Klaus Thoman | Vienna in Austria. Hermann Nitsch's work has most recently been displayed during the exhibition Kitchen at Galerie Elisabeth & Klaus Thoman | Vienna in Austria. The exhibition was open from 15 October 2019 until 11 February 2020. Hermann Nitsch's other most recent exhibitions recorded on Artland include the exhibitions at; Galerie Elisabeth & Klaus Thoman | Vienna in Austria (05 April 2019 - 09 August 2019) with the name Julian Schnabel and Galerie Ruberl in Austria (05 June 2018 - 27 July 2018) with the name Körperzeichen II. Hermann Nitsch's first recorded exhibition in Artland's database was called Körperzeichen II and took place at Galerie Ruberl in Vienna, Austria from the 05 June 2018 to 27 July 2018.
At present on Artland, 11 of Hermann Nitsch's works are available to purchase.
Hermann Nitsch in private collections
Hermann Nitsch's art can be found on Artland in the following collection: Stefanie Haslberger. This also includes works by other critically acclaimed artists, Tora Aghabayova, Farhad Farzali, and Sarah Derat.
Historical Context of Austria
At the turn of the 20th century, Austria was among the most pioneering and culturally progressive countries. It fostered key developments in the Arts and Crafts Movement and Art Nouveau, called Jugendstil in German, from around 1895 to 1910, forming a key bridge between the 19th century and the onset of modernism. This kind of progressive, avant-garde thinking led directly into the Viennese Secession movement, one of the key art and design movements of the early twentieth century. It was formed in 1897 by a group of Austrian painters, graphic artists, sculptors and architects, including Josef Hoffman Koloman Moser, Otto Wagner, and Gustave Klimt, when artists resigned, en masse, from the Association of Austrian Artists in protest against its support for more traditional artistic styles. and an exchange of ideas with international artists, disputing artistic nationalism, renewing the decorative arts and, most crucially, creating a "total art (Gesamtkunstwerk)" that unified painting, architecture, and the decorative arts. The group was vehemently opposed to the domination of the official Vienna Academy of the Arts (the Vienna Künstlerhaus), and official art salons, with their traditional orientation toward Historicism. Ultimately the group broke apart, the decorative artists choosing instead to focus on a new guild called the Wiener Werkstatte. In the late 1930s, Austria was annexed by the growing force of Hitler's Nazi Germany, an act known as the Anschluss, and which organised Austria into a province of a greater German Reich. During this period, like in Germany, the Avant-garde was labelled 'Entartete Kunst', translating to 'degenerate art', and was oppressed with only 'official' social realist art being approved, or even allowed by the state. Consequently, there was a great exodus of creative talent who decided that their interests would be best served by relocating to London or New York. In the twentieth century, important Austrian artists included Josef Hoffman, Gustav Klimt, Egon Schiele, Herbert Bayer (the typography and graphic design pioneer of the Bauhaus), architect and designer Josef Frank, Oskar Kokoschka, Alfred Kubin, Friedensreich Hundertwasser, Maria Lassnig, Hermann Nitsch, Arnulf Rainer, Franz West and Erwin Wurm.
Further Biographical Context for Hermann Nitsch
Born in 1938, Hermann Nitsch was largely influenced by the 1950s growing up. The 1950s can be said to have been dominated by Abstract Expressionism, a form of painting that prioritised dramatic brushstrokes and expressed ideas about organic nature, spirituality and the sublime. Much of the focus was on the formal techniques of painting, and ideas of action painting were conflated with the political freedom of the United States society as opposed to the strict nature of the Soviet bloc. Important artists of the Abstract Expressionist Generation included Jackson Pollock (who innovated his famed drip, splatter and pour painting techniques), Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Frank Kline, Barnett Newman, Clyfford Still and Adolph Gottlieb. It was a male dominated environment, though necessary revisionism of this period has highlighted the contributions of female artists such as Lee Krasner, Joan Mitchell, and Louise Bourgeois, amongst others.