Simone Fattal. Border Landscapes Since her childhood, Simone Fattal (*1942 Damascus, Syria) has had a strong relationship with the city of Vienna, which is also very much embedded in her family history. Her grandfather, Khalil Fattal, was appointed a dragoman of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in Damascus: his job was to help Austrian workers and travelers in Syria. After living in Vienna during World War I, Simone Fattal’s father went back to Syria, where he worked as Austrian Consul and met Simone’s mother, who herself had Austrian ancestors. Having so many familial ties to Austria, Simone Fattal grew up in an environment full of Austrian crossreferences: on the one hand, her parental house and car were carrying the Austrian flags, on the other, her relatives would relay all their stories to her. Since the early 1980s, after fleeing the Lebanese Civil War, Simone Fattal has lived and worked as a sculptor in different parts of the world, from Beirut to Paris, from Southern France to Northern California, exploring and reconfiguring notions of history, freedom, and feminism through her practice.