Further Biographical Context for Zigmunds Bielis
Zigmunds Bielis was born in 1954 and was primarily inspired by the 1970s growing up. Conceptualism is often perceived as a response to Minimalism, and the leading art movement of the 1970s, challenging the boundaries of art with its revolutionary features. The movements that succeeded were all characteristic of a strong desire to evolve and consolidate the art world, in response to the tensions of the previous 1960s. Process art branched out from Conceptualism, including some of its most essential aspects, but going further in creating mysterious and experimental artistic journeys, while Land Art brought creation to the outsides, initiating early ideas of environmentalism. In Germany, Expressive figure painting was given a second chance for the first time since the weakening of Abstract Expressionism almost twenty years ago, the genre reclaimed its prominence through the brushstrokes of Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer and Georg Baselitz. The cosmopolitan and sophisticated position that New York city held in the 1960s remained just as influential in the 1970s. With multiple global renowned artists gravitating the galleries and downtown scene, the city once again strengthened its reputation as the artistic heart of the era. All over, numerous movements defined the 1970s. Amongst others, feminism and the new radical ideologies it entailed strongly influenced the visual culture. Photorealism, which had emerged in the 1960s, also received critical and commercial success. The critical, leading artistic pillars of New York city started to embrace painters and sculptors from Latin America.