1966 · China
Zhou Tiehai is an established mid-career artist, who originates from China. Zhou Tiehai was born in 1966. Born in the same country and of the same generation are Cui Xiuwen, He Yun Chang, Wei Dong and He Sen.
Historical Context of China
A leader in technology and technical innovation in both the arts and sciences, China and its artisans have pioneered many ground-breaking innovations. For example, true porcelain, with kaolin as the key ingredient, was developed in China in the early 1300s. It would not be developed in Europe with the same technical quality and physical properties until 1722, when the Meissen factory in Germany also uncovered the secrets of the recipe. In the Maoist era, lasting for decades from the mid-century period, art and culture served the revolutionary communism of Chairman Mao, replete with the heroic figures of social realism and a number of propagandist ideals.
Further Biographical Context for Zhou Tiehai
Zhou Tiehai was born in 1966 and was predominantly influenced by the 1980s growing up. The generation of artists that grew up in, and were inspired by, the 1980s was influenced by a period of quickly growing global capitalism, political upheaval, notable wealth differences, global mass media and distinctive music and fashion, including electronic pop music and hip hop. The 1980s was the era of African famine, the height of the Cold War, and also the end of it, as marked by the fall of the Berlin Wall. significant art movements of the era include Neo Geo, The Pictures Generation and the global trend of Neo-Expressionism which manifested in Germany, the USA and Italy (where it was known as Transavanguardia). The decade was exemplified by artists like Anselm Kiefer, Jörg Immendorf, Enzo Cucchi, Francesco Clemente and Julian Schnabel. Street art and graffiti began to gain prominence, notable artists of which include Jean-Michel Basquiat, Keith Haring and Kenny Scharf.