1910 · United States
Wright Morris is an established contemporary visual artist, who originates from the United States. Wright Morris was born in 1910. Born in the same country and of the same generation are Ansel Adams, Walker Evans, Mark Rothko, Willem de Kooning and Arshile Gorky.
About Wright Morris' works
Wright Morris is best known for working in the fields of Conceptual and Figuration. Defined as a movement in the late 1960s, simultaneously in Europe and America, Conceptual art was highly influenced by the simplicity of Minimalism, although it took a step further in defying all pre-existing conceptions one would have about art. Defining Conceptual art can be complex, as the boundaries are not clearly defined, and constantly evolving. The artworks can take the form of almost anything, but the core idea remains the same - the strategies and concepts behind the art are more important than the finished artwork itself. The conceptual artists use a multitude of materials and forms to freely explore the myriad of possibilities through which they want to convey their message. Some of the most prominent figures of Conceptualism include artists such as Sol LeWitt, Lawrence Weiner and Yoko Ono. French artist Marcel Duchamp is thought to be the forefather of Conceptualism, with his artwork Fontaine, where he controversially tried to blur the boundaries between art and reality.
Figurative art has been around since the earliest stages of visual arts, and encompasses any form of modern art which references the reality or the human figure, in opposition to Abstraction. Figurative art embraces a substantial multitude of styles, thus remaining a truly innovative and major category in which artists created critically acclaimed masterpieces, such as Pablo Picasso’s painting Les Demoiselles D’Avignon, or Paul Cézanne’s The Bathers.
Historical Context of United States
The United States has been a major country in the development of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, particularly in the post war era, when the cultural importance of New York asserted its influence over Paris, formerly considered as the most powerful art centre in the world. Leading art movements developed and fostered in important ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in various forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast branches, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus various post-modern echoes of these many types. In the modern and contemporary age, the United States has exercised a prevailing influence upon the worldwide visual culture, due to the dominion of its economic and political systems. Key examples of world renowned U.S artists of the modern and contemporary era include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Wright Morris
Born in 1910, Wright Morris' creative work was largely influenced by the 1930s. globally this period can be best characterised by the conflict between the world’s dominant political philosophies - Marxist Socialism, Capitalist Democracy, and the Totalitarianism of both Communism and Fascism. In the Soviet Union, Stalin’s government required urgent funds to implement the rapid industrialisation demanded by the first Five Year Plan. It initiated a secret plan to sell off treasures from the State Hermitage Museum in Leningrad (St. Petersburg), including a preliminary list of two hundred and fifty unique paintings by the Old Masters, many of which found their way to the collection of Andrew Mellon via the New York based art dealing company, Knoedler.