William O'Brien

1975 · United States

Artist biography

William O'Brien is is an established, mid-career contemporary artist, who was born and brought up in the United States, like other prominent artists such as Stanley Rosen, Eric Hesse, Philip H. Ashley, Zachary Leener, and H. Lindley Hosford. William O'Brien was born in 1975.

William O'Brien's Gallery representation

William O'Brien's work is available for viewing at Berggruen Gallery located in San Francisco, the United States.

Historical Context of United States

The United States, in particular New York city, remains as a focal point that has played a substantial role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The idea of New York as a new multinational and highly influential art hub emerged in the post war era, and the city succeeded in asserting its dominance over Paris, which used to be regarded as the most powerful international art centre. The authority of the political and economic institutions of the United States in the modern era has granted the country with a prevailing influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are influential art movements that emerged in the United States. These very movements also echoed into a myriad of variations, such as alternative forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast adaptations of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally acclaimed U.S artists of the modern age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.

Further Biographical Context for William O'Brien

Born in 1975, William O'Brien's creative work was largely influenced by the 1980s. The generation of artists that grew up in, and took inspiration from, the nineteen eighties was influenced by a period of quickly growing global capitalism, political upheaval, significant wealth discrepancy, global mass media and distinctive music and fashion, including electronic pop music and hip hop. The 1980s was the era of African famine, the height of the Cold War, and also the end of it, as marked by the fall of the Berlin Wall. Important art movements of the era include Neo Geo, The Pictures Generation and the global trend of Neo-Expressionism which manifested in Germany, the USA and Italy (where it was known as Transavanguardia). The decade was exemplified by artists like Anselm Kiefer, Jörg Immendorf, Enzo Cucchi, Francesco Clemente and Julian Schnabel. Street art and graffiti began to gain prominence, key artists of which include Jean-Michel Basquiat, Keith Haring and Kenny Scharf.

William O'Brien

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