1933 · United States
Viola Frey is an established contemporary visual artist, who originates from the United States. Viola Frey was born in 1933. Some of the artist's contemporaries that are born around the same year and in the same country include Yoko Ono, Jim Dine, Eva Hesse, Joan Jonas, Frank Stella and Ed Ruscha.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Two galleries around the world represent and exhibit Viola Frey's work. These are Nancy Hoffman Gallery in New York, the United States and Rena Bransten Gallery in San Francisco, the United States. Viola Frey most recent exhibition recorded on Artland was at Nancy Hoffman Gallery in New York with the exhibition CLAY. The exhibition was open from 18 June 2019 until 13 October 2019. Viola Frey's other most recent exhibitions listed on Artland include the exhibitions; Sculptors and their Drawings (06 September 2018 - 13 October 2018) at Nancy Hoffman Gallery in New York and Sculptors and their Drawings (06 September 2018 - 13 July 2018) at Nancy Hoffman Gallery in New York. Viola Frey's first recorded exhibition in Artland's database was called Sculptors and their Drawings and took place at Nancy Hoffman Gallery in New York, the United States from the 06 September 2018 to 13 October 2018.
Historical Context of United States
The United States has been a major country in the evolution of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, especially in the post war era, when the cultural status of New York asserted its influence over Paris, formerly considered as the most significant art hub internationally. Leading art movements established and fostered in significant ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in various forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast variants, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus various post-modern repetitions of these many types. In the modern and contemporary era, the United States has cultivated a strong influence upon the worldwide visual culture, due to the hegemony of its economic and political systems. Key examples of important U.S artists of the modern and contemporary era include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Viola Frey
Viola Frey was born in 1933 and was largely influenced creatively by the 1950s. It can be said that the 1950s were dominated by Abstract Expressionism, a form of painting that prioritised expressive brushstrokes and explored ideas about organic nature, spirituality and the sublime. Much of the focus was on the formal techniques of painting, and ideas of action painting were unified with the political freedom of the United States society as opposed to the strict nature of the Soviet bloc. Influential artists of the Abstract Expressionist Generation included Jackson Pollock (who innovated his famed drip, splatter and pour painting techniques), Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Frank Kline, Barnett Newman, Clyfford Still and Adolph Gottlieb. It was a male dominated environment, but necessary revisionism of this period has highlighted the contributions of female artists such as Lee Krasner, Joan Mitchell, and Louise Bourgeois, amongst others.