Further Biographical Context for Victor Gruen
Born in 1903, Victor Gruen's creative work was primarily inspired by the 1920s. Important artistic developments that had been established in the earlier part of the 20th century continued to be developed during the 1920s and 1930s. During this period the careers of many influential and pioneering artists began to flourish, yet at the same time there was an atmosphere of reflection and solemnity following the horrors of the First World War. Significant shifts in politics were taking place worldwide, and Marxism took a strong grip as an ideology within artist groups and communities. The main focus for art during this time was on Freudian theory and the human subconscious, and these ideas were best represented by artists including Salvador Dali, Giorgio de Chirico, Andre Breton, Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux, whilst in Paris, artists such as Brancusi, Modigliani and Soutine established methods of art which were vivid and dynamic.