1965 · United States
Terry Richardson is seen as an established mid-career contemporary artist, who originates from the United States. Terry Richardson was born in 1965. Artists Kara Walker, Jason Rhoades, Ellen Gallagher, Andrea Zittel, Elizabeth Peyton, Rob Pruitt and Jean Michel Basquiat are of the same generation and same country as Terry Richardson.
Historical Context of United States
The United States has been key in the development of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, especially in the post war period, when the cultural prominence of New York assumed primacy over Paris, formerly considered as the most significant art centre worldwide. Leading art movements developed and cultivated in important ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in various forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast variations, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus a multitude of post-modern iterations of these many types. In the modern and contemporary sphere, the United States has cultivated a strong influence over the international visual culture, due to the dominion of its economic and political institutions. Key examples of critically acclaimed U.S artists of the modern and contemporary period include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Terry Richardson
Terry Richardson was born in 1965 and was largely influenced by the 1980s growing up. The 1980s were a tumultuous time culturally, and were marked by growing global capitalism, global mass media, significant discrepancies in wealth, alongside a distinctive sense of music and fashion, epitomised by electronic pop music and hip hop. Artists growing up during this time were heavily influenced by this cultural culture. The 1980s were a significant decade politically, marked by the African Famine and the end of the Cold War, which was signified by the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. Neo Geo and The Pictures Generation became leading art movements during the decade, alongside Neo-Expressionism which became popular in Germany, France and Italy (where it was known as Transavanguardia). Artists such as Anselm Kiefer, Jörg Immendorf, Enzo Cucchi, Francesco Clemente and Julian Schnabel were primary artists of the era, alongside Jean-Michel Basquiat, Keith Haring and Kenny Scharf, who established the street art and graffiti movements.