1946 · Spain
Susana Solano is an established artist, who was born in Spain - other established artists such as Antonio Cazorla, Moisès Villèlia, Abraham Lacalle, Miquel Mont, and Alfredo Alcain were also born in Spain. Susana Solano was born in 1946.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Susana Solano's work is on display in several galleries around the world, in countries like France, Italy, and Spain. Galleries include Galerie Bernard Bouche in Paris, Giorgio Persano Torino in Turin, as well as Rafael Pérez Hernando in Madrid. Susana Solano is at the moment exhibiting at Galerie Bernard Bouche in Paris with the exhibition Solo exhibition (13 March 2020 - 29 May 2020).
Historical Context of Spain
Spain has played a crucial role in the development of art in the twentieth century. In the early 1900s, a young Pablo Picasso established a uniquely expressive approach to figuration in the post-Impressionist era, firstly with his Blue then Rose periods, although he was to settle in Paris in 1904. Picasso was also the key founding member of the Cubist movement, a group in which he was joined by fellow Spaniard Juan Gris. Both Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were leading figures in the Surrealist movement, though they were also domiciled in France for large parts of their careers. Throughout the twentieth century the political and cultural landscape of Spain was dominated by the totalitarian autocracy of General Franco whose dictatorship ruled the country, in one form or another, from 1939 until 1975, at which time the monarchy was restored to Juan-Carlos I who then implemented substantial reform. The Franco regime was noted for its brutal anti-communist stance, and the departure of leading intellectual and cultural figures that elected not to live under an oppressive regime. The cultural life of the avant-garde suffered greatly, since liberal artistic movements are often noted for their leftist leanings. Key modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo, and Manolo Valdes.
Further Biographical Context for Susana Solano
Born in 1946, Susana Solano was predominantly inspired by the 1960s growing up. The universal impact of the 1960s was truly astonishing across the globe. Evocative of a time inspiring both hope and anger, the 1960s prompted an explosion of cutting-edge ideologies and movements, truly sensational and ground-breaking. Historically set in the context of the Cold War, which would have a highly powerful impact globally, largely defined by the Iron Curtain dividing Europe both physically and spiritually, and drastically marked by the erection of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The 1960s re-defined all pre-existing assumptions on gender, race and justice, questioned education as well as morality and selfhood – for instance through the civil rights movement and second wave of feminism, as well as student political uprisings. The incredible escalation of mass consumerism also defined the era, engendering new trends in marketing and advertising. Minimalism established the crucial idea that art should exist in its own reality, and not try to mimic the real world. Born of a desire to obliterate all pre-established conceptions about art, Minimalism turned into a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key actors. Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler were artists who sought to delve into some of the most fundamental philosophies of Abstract Expressionism, while getting rid of the expressive and highly personal aspect it would usually entail with it. This led to the creation of Colour Field painting, deeply relating to Minimalism. The iconic contemporary art movements that reverberated through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own nuances and scopes, particular to different areas or countries. Spatialism, for example, was founded in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies adopted by the Zero group in Germany. Across Europe, the philosophy of Existentialism strongly influenced artists such as Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who strived to portray the raw human emotions often connected to reflections on death and the lingering anxiety of the meaninglessness of life.