Shirley Appleton

1920 · United States

Artist biography

Shirley Appleton is seen as an established contemporary artist, who originates from the United States. Shirley Appleton was born in 1920. Some of the artist's contemporarie that are from the same generation and country include Sol LeWitt, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Jasper Johns and Dan Flavin.

Shirley Appleton's Gallery representation

Shirley Appleton's work is on display at Richard Norton Gallery in Chicago, the United States.

Historical Context of United States

The US, in particular New York city, endures as a focal point that has played a substantial role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The concept of New York as a new cosmopolitan and highly powerful art centre appeared in the post war era, and the city succeeded in affirming its dominance over Paris, which used to be considered as the most powerful international art capital. The authority of the political and economic structures of the United States in the modern sphere has provided the country with a powerful influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are influential art movements that flourished in the US. These very movements also reverberated into a myriad of variations, such as alternative forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast variants of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally acclaimed U.S artists of the contemporary period age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.

Further Biographical Context for Shirley Appleton

Shirley Appleton was born in 1920 and was largely inspired creatively by the 1930s. During the 1930s, many political ideologies such as Marxist Socialism, Capitalist Democracy, and the Totalitarianism of both Communism and Fascism were engaged in struggles for dominance, and characterised the political atmosphere of the period. In the United States, the Great Depression had a severe impact on artistic output, and artists began to focus on the idea of modesty and of the ordinary man on the streets. The focus of art in the United States also began to take a more political turn for the first time, and artists used these subjects and ideas to endeavour to impact society. Topics such as poverty, lack of affordable housing, anti-lynching, anti-fascism, and workers' strikes became prevalent in the work of many artists.