1983 · United States
Sheryl Oppenheim is seen as an established mid-career contemporary artist, who was born in the United States - other established artists such as Joe Fyfe, Ricci Albenda, Cecile Lepage, Augustus Nazzaro, and Oscar Brousse Jacobsen were also born inthe United States. Sheryl Oppenheim was born in 1983.
Historical Context of United States
The United States has been a prominent country in the evolution of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, especially in the post war era, when the cultural status of New York assumed primacy over Paris, previously thought of as the most powerful art hub globally. Leading art movements established and fostered in extensive ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in diverse forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast variations, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus various post-modern echoes of these many types. In the modern and contemporary sphere, the United States has cultivated a prevailing influence over the global visual culture, due to the hegemony of its economic and political structures. Key examples of critically acclaimed U.S artists of the modern and contemporary period include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Sheryl Oppenheim
Born in 1983, Sheryl Oppenheim was predominantly inspired by the 1990s. Art in the 1990s was defined at the beginning of the decade by a group of artists in the United Kingdom that came to be known as the YBAs, or Young British Artists. They were a diverse collective of creatives, affiliated loosely by their age, nationality, and their association with Goldsmiths and the Royal College of Art in London, alongside being favoured by super collector of the time Charles Saatchi. The most famous artist of the group is Damien Hirst, who was also an early organiser of group activities. Other members included Chris Ofili, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Gavin Turk, Sarah Lucas and Sam Taylor-Wood. Much of their work became famous for shock tactics and the sensationalism of both material and message. They also became known for their use of throwaway materials, wild-living, and an attitude that was simultaneously counter-culture rebellion but also entrepreneurial. They gained considerable amount of media coverage and dominated British art during the 1990s. Their international shows in the mid-1990s included the now legendary ‘Sensation'. A proliferation of trends characterised the decade, including the highly derisive sculpture of Maurizio Cattelan, and highly sensitive advancements of conceptualism as evidenced by the work of artists like Felix Gonzalez-Torres.