Historical Context of United States
The United States has been key in the development of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, particularly in the post war era, when the cultural status of New York assumed primacy over Paris, formerly considered as the most significant art centre worldwide. Major art movements established and cultivated in important ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in varied forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast variations, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus various post-modern iterations of these many movements. In the modern and contemporary sphere, the United States has cultivated a strong influence over the visual culture of the World, due to the hegemony of its economic and political structures. Key examples of world renowned U.S artists of the modern and contemporary period include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.