Sara E. Hutton
Historical Context of United States
The United States has been a major country in the evolution of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, particularly in the post war era, when the cultural importance of New York assumed primacy over Paris, formerly considered as the most significant art hub in the world. Major art movements developed and fostered in important ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in diverse forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast variations, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus various post-modern iterations of these many movements. In the modern and contemporary age, the United States has exercised a powerful influence upon the global visual culture, due to the authority of its economic and political systems. Key examples of world renowned U.S artists of the modern and contemporary era include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.