1933 · United States
Sam Gillam is an established contemporary artist, who was born and brought up in the United States. Sam Gillam was born in 1933. Born in the same country and around the same year are Yoko Ono, Jim Dine, Eva Hesse, Joan Jonas, Frank Stella and Ed Ruscha.
Sam Gillam's exhibition
Historical Context of United States
The United States has been a prominent country in the evolution of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, particularly in the post war period, when the cultural importance of New York assumed primacy over Paris, previously thought of as the most significant art hub globally. Leading art movements developed and cultivated in significant ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in various forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast variations, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus a multitude of post-modern repetitions of these many movements. In the modern and contemporary era, the United States has cultivated a powerful influence over the visual culture of the World, due to the authority of its economic and political systems. Key examples of important U.S artists of the modern and contemporary period include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Sam Gillam
Born in 1933, Sam Gillam's creative work was primarily inspired by the 1950s. Abstract Expressionism, a form of painting that studied notions of spirituality and the sublime, dominated the 1950s. A number of artists focused on the formal properties of painting, and action painting was influenced by the political freedom of the United States, as opposed to the strict strictures of the Soviet bloc. Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Frank Kline, Barnett Newman, Clyfford Still and Adolph Gottlieb were influential artists of this time. The male dominated environment has been subsequently revised to acknowledge the contributions of female artists such as Lee Krasner, Joan Mitchell, and Louise Bourgeois, amongst others.