1904 - 1989 · Spain
Salvador Dalí was a Spanish visual artist known as the greatest figure of Surrealism and he is one of the most famous artists of the 20th century. His enigmatic painting 'The Persistence of Memory' (1931), arguably his best-known work, visually manifests Dalí’s singularity. Turbulent character, having established his talent and his person to the rank of international icon, Dalí is a painter of extreme precision and whose works are of an impressive pictorial force. His works revolve around the exploration of identity, nature, sexuality, objects, and food.
Born on May 11th, 1904 in Catalonia, Salvador Dalí demonstrated a real early talent from his childhood. Influenced by impressionism at a very young age, he studied with Juan Nunez before joining the School of Fine Art in Madrid. During this flourishing period of exploration, Dalí evolves in Dadaist influence and seeks his style between different artistic movements.
Following Joan Miró's advice, he moved to Paris after his studies and joined the group of surrealists in which Dalí met André Breton. In 1929, Dalí defined his art within surrealism and invented the paranoid-critical method by which he explored the unconscious in painting. Throughout his career, the works Dalí produces are strongly linked to his personality and the political context of the time. During the exile in New York during the Second World War, Dalí’s unique and assertive work is widely recognised and his extravagant personality became a pillar in his creative output. in 1949, upon his return to Catalonia, Dalí made a new shift in his artistic journey that is marked by his rapprochement with Catholicism. In that period, Salvador Dalí defines his style as "corpuscular mysticism". The paintings demonstrate a very technical approach similar to the painters of the Renaissance as well as hybridization with Dali's great interest in technological innovations. Through his pictorial work, Dalí claimed a very classic, even hyperrealistic technique, remaining faithful to oil painting for almost all of his painted work, some of which tiny works testify to a real talent as a miniaturist such Portrait de Gala (1931). Dali’s creative mind is prolific and characterised by a unique dynamism that brought him to explore sculpture, literature, cinema, and photography whose outputs are exceptional. Salvador Dali died on January 23, 1989, in his hometown of Figueres, Spain.
Today, his works are in the permanent collections of The Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Tate Modern in London, the Reina Sofia National Museum in Madrid, and the Museum Ludwig in Cologne, among others. Few museums are dedicated to Salvador Dalí, the most known is the one situated in St Petersburg, Florida and Dalí Theater-Museum founded by Salvador Dalí.