Roy Walter James
Further Biographical Context for Roy Walter James
Born in 1896, Roy Walter James was predominantly influenced by the 1900s and 1910s growing up. The dynamic development of pictorial art defined the first decades of the twentieth century. It was an era of experimentation and post-Impressionism, with artists first investigating Expressionism and Abstraction. Many different collectives and communities of artists across the world developed different ways of articulating these crucial innovations. The psychological applications of art began to be further explored and developed following the horrors of the WWI. Dadaism, a nonsensical and absurdist movement inspired directly by the war, appeared in Paris, Berlin, Zurich and Hannover, and launched the careers of creatives such as Marcel Duchamp, Francis Picabia, Hannah Höch and Kurt Schwitters. The vital philosophies behind Dadaism would go on to find ground in Surrealism, which was the first art movement to fully integrate psychology and ideas about the subconscious, and took great inspiration from the work of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung.