1956 · France
Roberto Martinez is seen as an established contemporary artist, who originates from France, like other well-known artists such as Jean-Baptiste Valadie, Isabelle Plat, Philippe Blache, Rodolf Hervé, and Suzanne L. Roberto Martinez was born in 1956.
Historical Context of France
France has been an influential country in the development of modernism. During the 19th century, France fostered the foundations of what is today known as the avant-garde, including movements such as Impressionism, Post-Impressionism and Art Nouveau, led by internationally famed artists. During the first part of the twentieth century, Paris was a crucial intellectual and cultural centre, establishing vital movements such as Cubism, Fauvism, Dadaism and Surrealism, amongst others. These movements blossomed at the beginning of the century, in the period immediately preceding the Second World War. Dominant French artistic figures from the beginning of the century include Paul Cezanne, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque (Spanish national who settled in France) Francis Picabia, Marcel Duchamp, Man Ray, and Le Corbusier amongst a multitude of others.
Further Biographical Context for Roberto Martinez
Roberto Martinez was born in 1956 and was largely inspired creatively by the 1970s. The 1970s were a period of consolidation and development in the arts, most often characterised as a response to the central stresses of the previous decade. Conceptual art developed as a influential movement, and was in part an evolution of and response to minimalism. Land Art took the artwork into the spacious outdoors, taking creative production away from commodities and engaging with the earliest ideas of environmentalism. Process art combined elements of conceptualism with other formal reflections, creating esoteric and experimental bodies of work. Expressive figurative painting began to regain prominence for the first time since the decline of Abstract Expressionism twenty years prior, especially in Germany where Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer, Georg Baselitz became highly renowned figures worldwide. New York maintained an important position in the international art scene, ensuring that global artists continued to flock to the galleries, bars and downtown scene there. n Japan and Korea, artists associated with the Mono-Ha movement focused on encounters between natural and industrial materials such as stone, glass, cotton, sponge, wood, oil and water, arranging them in mostly unaltered, transient conditions. The works focused on the interdependency of these various elements and the surrounding space, and had a strong focus upon the European philosophy of phenomenology.