Robert Macintosh is an established contemporary artist. Robert Macintosh was born in 1949. Artists Roy Keeler, Angel Maturen, Alfonso Gamoral, Françoise Muller, and Enrico Mulazzani are of the same generation.
Further Biographical Context for Robert Macintosh
Robert Macintosh was born in 1949 and was largely inspired creatively by the 1960s growing up. The universal impact of the 1960s was truly sensational across the globe. Representative of a time stirring both hope and anger, the 1960s triggered an outburst of new philosophies and movements, truly sensational and spectacular. Historically set in the context of the Cold War, which would have a highly influential impact internationally, mainly defined by the Iron Curtain separating Europe both physically and spiritually, and drastically marked by the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The 1960s re-defined all pre-existing assumptions on gender, race and justice, questioned education as well as morality and selfhood – for instance through the civil rights movement and second wave of feminism, as well as student political uprisings. The significant boom of mass consumerism also defined the era, generating new trends in marketing and advertising. Minimalism established the crucial idea that art should exist in its own reality, and not try to mimic the physical world. Born of a desire to eradicate all pre-established notions about art, Minimalism turned into a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key actors. Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler were artists who sought to delve into some of the most fundamental philosophies of Abstract Expressionism, while getting rid of the emotional and highly personal aspect it would often associated with it. This led to the creation of Colour Field painting, deeply relating to Minimalism. The iconic contemporary art movements that echoed through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own nuances and scopes, distinctive to different regions or countries. Spatialism, for example, was founded in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies adopted by the Zero group in Germany. Across Europe, the ideologies of Existentialism strongly influenced artists such as Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who sought to portray the raw human emotions often connected to reflections on death and the haunting anxiety of the meaninglessness of life.