Robert J. Wolff

1905 · United States

Artist biography

Robert J. Wolff is seen as an established contemporary artist, who was born and brought up in the United States. Robert J. Wolff was born in 1905. Artists Ansel Adams, Walker Evans, Mark Rothko, Willem de Kooning and Arshile Gorky are of the same generation and same country as Robert J. Wolff.

Robert J. Wolff's Gallery representation

Robert J. Wolff's work is available for viewing at Richard Norton Gallery in Chicago, the United States.

Historical Context of United States

The United States, particularly New York city, remains as a focal point that has played a significant role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The idea of New York as a new multinational and highly powerful art centre came to be in the post war era, and the city thrived in affirming its supremacy over Paris, which used to be regarded as the most powerful international art centre. The predominance of the political and economic structures of the United States in the modern sphere has provided the country with a prevailing influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are influential art movements that emerged in the US. These very movements also reverberated into a myriad of variations, such as alternative forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast adaptations of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally distinguished U.S artists of the contemporary period age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.

Further Biographical Context for Robert J. Wolff

Born in 1905, Robert J. Wolff grew up during the 1920s and was inspired by the artistic atmosphere of the time. Important artistic innovations that had been established in the earlier part of the 20th century continued to be developed during the 1920s and 1930s. During this period the careers of a number of inspiring and pioneering artists began to flourish, yet at the same time there was an atmosphere of consideration and sombreness following the horrors of the First World War. Major shifts in politics were taking place worldwide, and Marxism took a strong hold as an ideology amongst artist groups and communities. The primary focus for art during this time was on Freudian theory and the human subconscious, and these ideas were best portrayed by artists including Salvador Dali, Giorgio de Chirico, Andre Breton, Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux, whilst in Paris, artists such as Brancusi, Modigliani and Soutine established methods of art which were expressive and dynamic.

Robert J. Wolff

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