1928 · United States
Robert Irwin was a creative visual artist, who originates from the United States. Robert Irwin was born in 1928. Born in the same country and of the same generation are Sol LeWitt, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Jasper Johns and Dan Flavin.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Robert Irwin is represented and exhibited by multiple galleries around the world, in countries such as the United Kingdom, France, and Spain. Some of those galleries are White Cube | Bermondsey in the United Kingdom, Galerie Xippas | Paris in France, as well as Galería Elvira González in Spain. Robert Irwin's work has most recently been exhibited at Sprüth Magers | Los Angeles in the United States (23 January 2018 until 21 April 2018) with the exhibition Solo Exhibition. Robert Irwin's other most recent exhibitions recorded on Artland include the exhibitions Unlights (16 January 2020 - 21 February 2020) at PACE | New York in the United States and SCULPTURE/CONFIGURATION (11 May 2018 - 17 August 2018) at PACE | New York in the United States. Robert Irwin's first recorded exhibition in Artland's database was called Solo Exhibition and took place at Sprüth Magers | Los Angeles in the United States from the 23 January 2018 to 21 April 2018.
Historical Context of United States
The US, particularly New York city, endures as a focal point that has played a substantial role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The concept of New York as a new cosmopolitan and highly influential art hub emerged in the post war era, and the city succeeded in asserting its supremacy over Paris, which used to be considered as the most powerful global art centre.
The authority of the political and economic structures of the United States in the modern sphere has provided the country with a prevailing influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are influential art movements that blossomed in the US. These very movements also reverberated into a multitude of variations, such as diverse forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast variants of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally acclaimed U.S artists of the contemporary period age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Robert Irwin
Born in 1928, Robert Irwin's creative work was primarily influenced by the 1950s. The 1950s can be said to have been dominated by Abstract Expressionism, a form of painting that prioritised dramatic brushstrokes and explored ideas about organic nature, spirituality and the sublime. Much of the focus was on the formal properties of painting, and ideas of action painting were conflated with the political freedom of the United States society as opposed to the strictures nature of the Soviet bloc.
In the Post-War period the lens of modernism was focused, in terms of internationally, on developments in New York City. The Second World War had brought many leading artists to the city in exile from Europe, leading to a significant pooling of talent and ideas. Important Europeans that came to New York and provided inspiration for American artists included Piet Mondrian, Josef Albers and Hans Hoffmann, who between them set the grounds for much of the United States’ explosive cultural growth in the subsequent decades.
Key artists of the Abstract Expressionist Generation included Jackson Pollock (who innovated his famed drip, splatter and pour painting techniques), Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Frank Kline, Barnett Newman, Clyfford Still and Adolph Gottlieb. It was a male dominated environment, though necessary reassessment of this period has emphasised the contributions of female artists such as Lee Krasner, Joan Mitchell, and Louise Bourgeois, amongst others.