Robert Ford M. Mac Innis
Robert Ford M. Mac Innis was a creative visual artist. Robert Ford M. Mac Innis was born in 1942. Artists born in the same year and of the same generation are Erik Clausen, Mao Guisheng, Duan Zhihua, Frank Hein, and Yusuf Hasim.
Further Biographical Context for Robert Ford M. Mac Innis
Robert Ford M. Mac Innis was born in 1942 and was primarily inspired creatively by the 1960s. The astronomical impact of the 1960s was truly astonishing across the globe. Evocative of a time stirring both hope and anger, the 1960s triggered an explosion of new philosophies and movements, truly sensational and spectacular. Historically set in the context of the Cold War, which would have a highly influential impact worldwide, largely defined by the Iron Curtain dividing Europe both physically and spiritually, and significantly marked by the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The 1960s re-defined all pre-existing expectations on gender, race and justice, questioned education as well as morality and selfhood – for instance through the civil rights movement and second wave of feminism, as well as student political uprisings. The significant boom of mass consumerism also defined the era, engendering new trends in marketing and advertising. Minimalism developed the crucial idea that art should exist in its own reality, and not try to represent the physical world. Born of a desire to eradicate all pre-established notions about art, Minimalism turned into a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key figures. Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler were artists who sought to explore further some of the most fundamental philosophies of Abstract Expressionism, while eliminating the emotional and highly personal aspect it would usually entail with it. This led to the creation of Colour Field painting, deeply relating to Minimalism. The iconic contemporary art movements that reverberated through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own nuances and scopes, distinctive to different regions or countries. Spatialism, for instance, was founded in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies embraced by the Zero group in Germany. Throughout Europe, the philosophy of Existentialism deeply influenced artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who strived to portray the raw human emotions often associated with reflections on death and the lingering anxiety of the meaninglessness of life.