Further Biographical Context for Robert Fish
Born in 1948, Robert Fish grew up during the 1960s and was inspired by the artistic atmosphere of the time. Artistically, the decade began with the twin movements of Pop and Minimalism emerging parallel to each other. On one hand, Pop championed the visual culture of the mainstream and mass media, and of products and consumerism. The work of art by artists such as Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Tom Wesselmann and Claes Oldenberg was inspired by the popular culture of the fast developing Capitalism of the United States, taking things like advertising, comic books and ideas surrounding celebrity culture as their primary visual inspiration. A parallel movement was established on the West Coast in California - a strain that also related to language in art, and is viewed as the initial developments of conceptual art. Minimalism developed a formal language with no external references, predicated solely on line, colour and geometric form as key constituents of both painting and sculpture. The significant figures of Minimalism included Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Pop Art was a powerful offshoot of minimalism, a discipline made famous by through the work of artists such as Victor Vasarely and Bridget Riley. Around the world a number of artistic movements echoed the creative concerns of the previously mentioned movements, often with regional specialties and nuance. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni developed Spatialism, and in Germany the Zero group under the leadership of Gunter Uecker espoused similar ideas. The influential school of Existentialist Philosophy was an important source of inspiration for creatives, with artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti becoming known worldwide for their distinctive approaches to the human form and the anguish related to the human condition.