1941 · United States
Richard Tuttle is an established artist, who originates from the United States. Richard Tuttle was born in 1941. Born in the same country and around the same year are Chuck Close, Robert Mappelthorpe, Bruce Nauman, Laurie Andersen and Barbara Kruger.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Several galleries around the world represent and exhibit Richard Tuttle's work, including galleries in countries like the United Kingdom, Belgium, and Italy. The galleries exhibiting Richard Tuttle's work include Modern Art in London, Galerie Greta Meert in Brussels, and Galleri Nicolai Wallner in Copenhagen. Richard Tuttle's work are exhibited at the exhibition, Abstract! Minimalism to Now at Tilton Gallery in New York, the United States. The exhibition is currently open and closes on the 11 April 2020. Richard Tuttle's other most recent exhibitions listed on Artland include the exhibitions at; Galerie Christian Lethert in Germany (30 January 2020 - 27 March 2020) with the name Group Exhibition and PACE | New York in the United States (11 November 2019 - 10 January 2020) with the name Days, Muses and Stars. Richard Tuttle's first recorded exhibition in Artland's database was called Group Exhibition and took place at Galerie Jurgen Becker in Hamburg, Germany from the 31 May 2017 to 29 July 2017.
Historical Context of United States
The United States has been key in the development of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, particularly in the post war period, when the cultural prominence of New York asserted its influence over Paris, previously thought of as the most significant art hub internationally. Major art movements developed and fostered in significant ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in various forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast branches, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus a multitude of post-modern iterations of these many types. In the modern and contemporary period, the United States has cultivated a strong influence over the visual culture of the World, due to the dominion of its economic and political systems. Key examples of critically acclaimed U.S artists of the modern and contemporary period include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Richard Tuttle
Richard Tuttle was born in 1941 and was primarily inspired by the 1960s. Art turned into a vehicle for ideologies and other agendas, with Pop and Minimalism appearing concurrently as the most defining art movements of the decade. Pop Art in New York city embraced the culture of mass media and mass consumerism, with Artists such as Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein and Tom Wesselmann getting stimulated by television, comic strips, billboards and other products of the rise of Capitalism for their artworks. On the other side of the country, the West Coast in California, the first elements of what would be known as Conceptual art were developing. Minimalism developed the central idea that art should exist in its own reality, and not try to represent the physical world. Born of a desire to erase all pre-established conceptions about art, Minimalism became a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key actors. Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler were artists who sought to explore further some of the most fundamental philosophies of Abstract Expressionism, while getting rid of the emotional and highly personal aspect it would often associated with it. This led to the creation of Colour Field painting, deeply identifying with Minimalism. The iconic contemporary art movements that reverberated through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own nuances and scopes, distinctive to different regions or countries. Spatialism, for example, was established in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies adopted by the Zero group in Germany. Throughout Europe, the philosophy of Existentialism strongly influenced artists such as Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who sought to depict the raw human emotions often associated with reflections on death and the haunting anxiety of the meaninglessness of life.