1931 · United Kingdom
Richard Smith is regarded as a well established artist, who was born in the United Kingdom. Richard Smith was born in 1931. Born in the same country and around the same year are Lucien Freud, Richard Hamilton, Eduardo Paolozzi, Michael Andrews and Bridget Rilet.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Richard Smith is represented and exhibited by several galleries around the world, in countries like the United Kingdom and the United States. Galleries exhibiting Richard Smith's work include Bernard Jacobson Gallery | London in the United Kingdom, as well as Flowers | New York and Anders Wahlstedt Fine Art in the United States. Richard Smith most recent exhibition recorded on Artland was at Flowers | Cork Street in London (06 February 2020 until 29 February 2020) with the exhibition 50 Years. Richard Smith's other most recent exhibitions recorded on Artland include the exhibitions at; Flowers | Cork Street in the United Kingdom (09 June 2017 - 15 July 2017) with the name Work of Five Decades and Flowers | New York in the United States (09 June 2017 - 15 July 2017) with the name Untitled. Richard Smith's first recorded exhibition in Artland's database was called Work of Five Decades and took place at Flowers | Cork Street in London, the United Kingdom from the 09 June 2017 to 15 July 2017.
Historical Context of United Kingdom
The UK has been an essential centre for artistic production for centuries. While it accumulated tremendous wealth through colonisation and the ascent of its Empire, it was also exposed to the cultural supremacy of other countries and continents. Throughout the modern period, Britain had been to a great extent eclipsed by the influence of its European neighbours on one side, and of the United States on the other. But in the late nineteenth century, Britain became a significant centre in the development of the avant-garde. This includes the Arts and Crafts Movement, a major movement paving the way for artist-led organisations, groups and organisational co-operative types that would later develop into a template of sorts for bohemian artists movements of the Twentieth Century. Important artistic movements in British modernism include for example Vorticism, involving artists related to the Bloomsbury group. Some noteworthy British artists of the modern and contemporary period include Stanley Spencer, Francis Bacon, Lucian Freud, Leon Kossoff, Frank Auerbach, David Hockney, Bridget Riley, Paula Rego - and in more recent years the YBA generation led by Damien Hirst, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Chris Ofili and others.
Further Biographical Context for Richard Smith
Born in 1931, Richard Smith was largely inspired by the 1950s growing up. Abstract Expressionism, a form of painting that studied notions of spirituality and the sublime, dominated the 1950s. Many artists concentrated on the formal properties of painting, and action painting was influenced by the political freedom of the United States, as opposed to the strict limitations of the Soviet bloc. Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Frank Kline, Barnett Newman, Clyfford Still and Adolph Gottlieb were influential artists of this time. The male dominated environment has been subsequently revisited to recognise the contributions of female artists such as Lee Krasner, Joan Mitchell, and Louise Bourgeois, amongst others.