1979 · United States
Retna is seen as an established mid-career contemporary artist, who originates from the United States, like other prominent artists such as Barbara Kronlins, Steve Gianakos, Kevin Hanley, Jan Lassetter, and Valerie Keane. Retna was born in 1979.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Retna's work is available on display in multiple galleries around the globe such as in the United Kingdom, Mexico, and the United States. The galleries exhibiting Retna's work include Maddox Gallery in London, MAIA Contemporary in Mexico City, and New Image Art Gallery in Los Angeles. Retna's work has most recently been exhibited at Maddox Gallery in London (18 May 2018 until 31 August 2018) with the exhibition Summer Contemporary 2018. Retna's only other recorded exhibition on Artland is Margraves, which took place at Maddox Gallery in London, the United Kingdom (04 October 2017 - 28 October 2017).
Retna in private collections
Historical Context of United States
The United States has been key in the evolution of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, especially in the post war period, when the cultural status of New York assumed primacy over Paris, formerly thought of as the most powerful art hub globally. Leading art movements established and cultivated in extensive ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in diverse forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast variations, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus a multitude of post-modern iterations of these many types. In the modern and contemporary sphere, the United States has cultivated a prevailing influence upon the visual culture of the World, due to the hegemony of its economic and political systems. Key examples of important U.S artists of the modern and contemporary era include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Retna
Retna was born in 1979, grew up during the 1990s and was influenced by the artistic atmosphere of the time. A group of artists working in the United Kingdom, who came to be known as the YBAs, or Young British Artists, defined the artistic culture of the 1990s. Affiliated loosely by their age and nationality, they were a varied group of practitioners. A number of the YBAs attended the Royal College of Art and Goldsmiths in London, and were favoured by the ‘super collector’ of the time, Charles Saatchi. The most famous member of the group is Damien Hirst, and other members included Chris Ofili, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Gavin Turk, Sarah Lucas and Sam Taylor-Johnson (née Sam Taylor-Wood). The YBAs became known for their use of shock tactics and sensationalism, alongside their use of throwaway materials, wild lifestyles and an outlook that was defiant yet entrepreneurial. Due to the high amount of media coverage that they garnered, they dominated British art during the 1990s, and their work was epitomised in the group show ‘Sensation’. Relational Aesthetics, a term coined by curator Nicholas Bourriaud to describe the act of creating art based on human relations and their social context, became a central idea in the 1990s. Works by artists including Douglas Gordon, Gillian Wearing, Philippe Parenno and Liam Gillick were described as significant artists who worked to this outline.