1981 · United States
Raffi Kalenderian is is an established, mid-career contemporary artist, who was born and brought up in the United States, like other prominent artists such as Lillian Hall, Julie West, Anne Russinof, Kourtney Roy, and Andrew Guenther. Raffi Kalenderian was born in 1981.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Raffi Kalenderian is represented and exhibited by several galleries around the world, in countries such as Italy, Switzerland, and the United States. Some of those galleries are Brand New Gallery in Italy, Galerie Peter Kilchmann in Switzerland, and Susanne Vielmetter Los Angeles in the United States. Raffi Kalenderian's work has most recently been exhibited at Susanne Vielmetter Los Angeles in the United States (17 May 2019 until 28 June 2019) with the exhibition Memento Vivo.
Historical Context of United States
The United States has been a prominent country in the development of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, especially in the post war era, when the cultural importance of New York asserted its influence over Paris, previously considered as the most powerful art centre globally. Leading art movements established and cultivated in significant ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in diverse forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast variants, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus a multitude of post-modern echoes of these many types. In the modern and contemporary sphere, the United States has exercised a strong influence over the visual culture of the World, due to the dominion of its economic and political institutions. Key examples of world renowned U.S artists of the modern and contemporary period include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Raffi Kalenderian
Raffi Kalenderian was born in 1981 and was primarily influenced creatively by the 1990s growing up. Art in the 1990s was defined at the start of the decade by a group of artists in the United Kingdom that came to be known as the YBAs, or Young British Artists. They were a diverse collective of artists, affiliated loosely by their age, nationality, and their association with Goldsmiths and the Royal College of Art in London, as well as being favoured by super collector of the time Charles Saatchi. The most famous artist of the group is Damien Hirst, who was also an early organiser of group activities. Other artists included Chris Ofili, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Gavin Turk, Sarah Lucas and Sam Taylor-Wood. Much of their art became famous for shock tactics and the sensationalism of both material and message. They also became famed for their use of throwaway materials, wild-living, and an attitude that was simultaneously counter-culture rebellion but also entrepreneurial. They achieved considerable amount of media coverage and dominated British art during the 1990s. Their international shows in the mid-1990s included the now legendary ‘Sensation'. Conceptual photography led by German ideas and artists came to prominence. Artists like Andreas Gursky, Thomas Struth, and Wolfgang Tillmans gained international recognition, and inspired other artists such as the Canadian Jeff Wall, who experimented with the kind of cinematic expansiveness associated with the German artists’ work. Painters like Albert Oehlen and Martin Kippenberger exerted a strong influence on younger artists.