1951 · France
Philippe Thomas is seen as an established artist, who was born in France, like other renowned artists such as Marie Lelouche, Olivier Debré, Jean-Luc Parant, Dominique Ghesquière, and Olivier Dollinger. Philippe Thomas was born in 1951.
Historical Context of France
France has been a significant country in the development of modernism. During the nineteenth century, France fostered the beginnings of what is currently known as the avant-garde, including movements such as Impressionism, Post-Impressionism and Art Nouveau, led by world renowned artists. During the first part of the twentieth century, Paris was a fundamental intellectual and cultural centre, establishing vital movements such as Cubism, Fauvism, Dadaism and Surrealism, amongst others. These movements blossomed at the beginning of the century, in the period immediately preceding the Second World War. Major French creative figures from the beginning of the century include Paul Cezanne, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque (Spanish national who settled in France) Francis Picabia, Marcel Duchamp, Man Ray, and Le Corbusier amongst many of others.
Further Biographical Context for Philippe Thomas
Philippe Thomas was born in 1951 and was largely inspired creatively by the 1970s growing up. Conceptualism is often perceived as a reaction to Minimalism, and the leading art movement of the 1970s, challenging the boundaries of art with its revolutionary features. The movements that succeeded were all representative of a strong desire to evolve and strengthen the art world, in response to the tensions of the previous decade. Process art branched out from Conceptualism, featuring some of its most crucial aspects, but going further in creating mysterious and experimental artistic journeys, while Land Art brought creation to the outdoors, initiating early philosophies of environmentalism. In Germany, Expressive figure painting was given a second chance for the first time since the decline of Abstract Expressionism almost two decades, the genre reclaimed its distinction through the brushstrokes of Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer and Georg Baselitz. The multicultural and sophisticated position that New York city held in the 1960s remained just as influential in the 1970s. With multiple international renowned artists gravitating the galleries and downtown scene, the city once again strengthened its reputation as the artistic hub of the era. Street art started to emerge as a true and accepted form of art towards the end of the 1970s. Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring were pioneers in demonstrating that their artworks could exist at the same time in art galleries and on city walls. Fuelled by graffiti art, street art from its earliest days showed that it could endure in a unceasing flux of self-transformation, eternally shifting the boundaries of modern art, becoming a truly ground-breaking artistic genre.